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869 Features
Emerging Drug Discovery Targets: 21st September

21 Sep 04

Emerging Drug Discovery Targets provides a regular summary of some of the most exciting breaking information recently featured by the pharmaceutical analysts, LeadDiscovery. Information includes editorials on recently published journal articles, selected press releases and "intelligence reports". This edition features an LXA4 mimic for the treatment of inflammation; IL-27 as a cancer immunotherapy; anti-CD154 for organ transplant; CRH agonists for the treatment of pain; and an effective therapy

Annual Update: Clinical Research in the UK 2004 – 2005

20 Sep 04

On Thursday 25th November 2004 Clinical Events will be hosting the next in the series of annual seminars focusing on the future of leading edge clinical research in the UK. This is following on from the success of last year’s Annual Update. Clinical Events Professional Development Seminars cover a wide range of drug development topics. Seminar delegates comprise individuals working in most departments of pharmaceutical and biotech companies.
Joanne Williams

PharmaNews Bytes: Selected September press releases from the pharma/biotech sector

17 Sep 04

LeadDiscovery's intelligence service, DailyUpdates has evolved as a key tool to help all in the drug development sector keep track of breaking journal articles, press releases and pharmaceutical reports. Pharma NewsBytes features selected press releases recently featured on DailyUpdates and offers the reader a leisurely stroll through the past few weeks of activity from within the pharmaceutical industry.

GlaxoSmithKline's IkappaB kinase 2 (IKK-2) inhibitor, TCPA-1 as a potential next generation disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

15 Sep 04

The TNF blockers Enbrel (etanercept) and Remicade (infliximab), have contributed to a revolution in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The drug development community is now expending considerable resources on developing next generation disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) with improved efficacy and safety as well as oral activity. GlaxoSmithKline's IkappaB kinase 2 (IKK-2) inhibitor, TCPA-1 has recently been developed and has shown considerable promise in early stage development.

Patient compliance is a $30 billion complaint

13 Sep 04

We all forget to take medication from time to time, or maybe even don't bother to refill our prescriptions because we're feeling fine. However, the cumulative effect of all this is costing the pharmaceutical industry in excess of $30 billion a year. Datamonitor's Adele Schulz offers pharmaceutical companies some practical solutions to help stop the financial bleeding...

Trials & Tribulations: Advances in the Development of Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) Inhibitors for the Treatment of Cancer

10 Sep 04

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, having received considerable R&D attention, are now being led through the clinic by SAHA which is currently in phase II development. A second HDAC inhibitor, Titan's Pivanex, has now been shown to be effective as a single agent therapeutic in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Due to toxicity observed when used in combination with docetaxel, development for this indication has been terminated. Studies have however recently been initiated to investiga

New study reveals that reversing albuminuria reduces cardiovascular events in patients with diabetic nephropathy

07 Sep 04

The RENAAL study, published in 2001 demonstrated that Merck's Losartan slows diabetic nephropathy and reduces the risk of heart failure. In a more recent analysis of the RENAAL database, researchers have shown that albuminuria predicts heart failure as well as other cardiovascular events and that the degree of success with which Losartan can reduce albumin levels is related to the extent of cardiovascular protection.

Isotechnika's search for a partner continues

03 Sep 04

Isotechnika's Q2 loss shows a sharp reversal in fortunes. Profit in 2003 was largely attributable to a research payment for ISA247 from Roche, which has since pulled out of part of the deal. Isotechnika will be hoping that Roche continues to support ISA247 in the field of transplantation, but, says Datamonitor's Timothy Pang, it would be boosted by the cash that a new partner would bring...

New research encourages changes in the treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis in cancer patients

03 Sep 04

Researchers at The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center report that optimizing the use of anticoagulants in cancer patients with deep vein thrombosis could improve outcomes, reduce hospital stay and lower the cost of treatment. The study which gathered data from 529 cancer patients with deep vein thrombosis, and which represents the most comprehensive study of it kind, suggests that bleeding in treated patients and the reoccurrence of thrombosis is higher than previously reported. Fur

Targeted therapies the aim for breast cancer treatment

01 Sep 04

Due to more and better screening practices leading to earlier diagnosis, survival rates for breast cancer have risen to as high as 87% in some developed countries. But globally, 380,000 people (mainly women) will still die from breast cancer in 2004. Datamonitor's Fleur Pijpers explains that in the future, new targeted therapies could lead to successful treatment for each individual patient...

Selling the e-remedy

01 Sep 04

Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly looking to technology to increase sales, according to COLIN WILLIAMS, Head of Marketing at PharmiWeb Solutions...
Colin Williams

Dompe researchers develop chemokine receptor CXCR1 antagonist for the prevention of acute transplant rejection, chronic ischemic conditions and inflammatory disorders

31 Aug 04

Dompe researchers report the development of the chemokine receptor CXCR1 antagonist, repertaxin. New data show that Dompe's phase I candidate repertaxin dramatically reduces liver damage in a model of acute transplant rejection. By blocking neutrophil infiltration the therapeutic potential of repertaxin extends past the prevention of transplant rejection to cover a wide range of other indications including chronic ischemic conditions and inflammatory disorders.

Toxicity problems continue to slow the development of CDK inhibitors

27 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 27th August, 2004: The inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) represents an attractive approach to the treatment of cancer. Although this group of agents, led by Aventis' flavopiridol are poor monotherapeutic agents they exhibit sequence-dependent cytotoxic synergy when administered after standard chemotherapeutic drugs. Unfortunately, as demonstrated in a recent trial investigating the efficacy of a Taxotere-flavopiridol combination in metastatic breast cancer patients, toxi

Pharmacological activation of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) may be of benefit as a stroke prevention strategy

26 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 26th August, 2004: The stabilization of atherosclerotic plaques has emerged as a strategy for reducing the incidence of stroke as well as other cardiovascular diseases. Previous studies have reported that blocking the activity of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) can limit the progression of atherosclerosis and stabilize plaques in animal models. New data now suggests that increasing TGF-beta1 can also stabilize plaques in humans supporting the development of therapeutic

Peripheral Arterial Disease Represents a Significant and Rapidly Growing Market Opportunity for Interventional Therapies, Particularly Endovascular Technologies

26 Aug 04

ATLANTA--Aug. 25, 2004--Endovascular intervention, employing minimally invasive, catheter-based technologies, is expected to become the dominant therapeutic modality for atherosclerotic diseases in the lower limbs, according to a new report published by THE SAGE GROUP

Clinical data further demonstrates the efficacy of Pfizer's pregabalin (Lyrica) in the treatment of diabetic neuropathic pain

25 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 25th August, 2004: Despite legal appeals by Pfizer, Ivax's generic equivalent of the blockbuster gabapentin (Neurontin) went on sale earlier this month increasing the need for Pfizer to push the follow-on, pregabalin onto the US market. Pregabalin was approved by European authorities in July of this year for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain and as an adjunctive therapy for partial seizures in patients with epilepsy. Most recently a US study has been published data furthe

Low level carbon monoxide exposure as a therapeutic approach to improving transplant outcome

24 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 24th August, 2004: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), one of the enzymes responsible for the production of carbon monoxide, is induced under conditions of ischemic stress. Clinical data has previously demonstrated that increased expression of HO-1 may limit post-transplant ischemia reperfusion injury, a major cause of reduced graft survival. Now researchers have reported that maintaining transplant recipients in an atmosphere of elevated carbon monoxide promotes extended graft survival

Clinical data supports the development of insulin as a future treatment for memory and mood disorders?

23 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 23rd August, 2004: The use of insulin forms the cornerstone of diabetes treatment. A body of data also suggests however that this hormone directly modulates both memory and mood suggesting that endogenous insulin may be of benefit to many of the 180 million people around the world with memory disorders, and especially those with co-morbid mood disturbances such as schizophrenic or depressed individuals. A recent study has shown that intra-nasal administration of insulin improves m


23 Aug 04

Eventually, methods developed by research laboratories need to be transferable to face the rigours of external validation or the production line. Many researchers, however, are unaware that this procedure must be adequately documented, a crucial issue when it comes to regulation and outsourcing.
Rachel Holdsworth/Geoff Pulham

It's not just drug discovery that's an expensive business

23 Aug 04

Pharmaceutical practices from manufacturing to marketing are coming under increasing scrutiny from watchdogs, regulators and shareholders. As huge fines and record settlements erode profits, Datamonitor's Andrew Jones argues that pharma companies must focus on tightening compliance...

The future is outsourced

23 Aug 04

As the pharmaceutical market becomes more competitive and the R&D process more complex, companies have began to use outsourcing on a longer-term basis than in the past. For observers in other R&D-based industries the pharmaceutical industry is a somewhat conservative user of outsourcing, and yet the pharmaceutical industry’s R&D investment as a proportion of sales is much higher than these other technology sectors.
Dr Faiz Kermani

Researchers report on the role of estrogen in airway function: Can menopause accelerate the progression of COPD?

19 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 18th August, 2004: Recent data suggest that women may be more susceptible to the chronic airway disorders emphysema and bronchitis, together known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The reasons for this are unclear however data published this month demonstrate a key role of the estrogen receptor in maintaining alveolar surface area and airway elasticity. This suggests that menopause may contribute to the acceleration of COPD and prompts investigation into the develop

Can you Sell Yourself?

18 Aug 04

After my many years of conducting interviews and recruiting for both junior and senior employees, I have come to the conclusion that if there is one single thing that a person can do to secure a second interview or a desired position it is believe in themselves.
Susan Mason

Antibody-drug conjugates offer hope for the treatment of hormone resistant prostate cancer

17 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 17th August, 2004: Researchers from Protein Design Laboratories report that an antibody-drug conjugate that links the chemotherapeutic agent Auristatin to a prostate cancer specific antibody, anti-TMEFF2 mAb, via a cathepsin B-sensitive linker prevents tumor growth in a murine model of prostate cancer.

Proteolytic beta amyloid light chain antibody fragments offer promise as future treatments of Alzheimer’s disease.

17 Aug 04

DailyUpdates 18th August, 2004: Researchers from at Arizona State University have demonstrated that beta amyloid light chain proteolytic antibody fragments can cleave beta-amyloid, altering the aggregation and neutralizing the cytotoxic effects of this peptide.

New rhinitis therapy should help patients to breathe easy

13 Aug 04

Rigel's new intranasal inhibitor R112 could offer a useful alternative therapy for patients suffering from allergic rhinitis, as Datamonitor's Shaun Falkingbridge explains. Bolstered by supportive recent trial results, Rigel can now go on to seek partner firms to realize full commercialization of the drug...

US online pharmacies can attract consumers from cross-border discounters

12 Aug 04

The trade in discounted prescription drugs between Canada and the US has elicited considerable controversy on both sides of the border. Yet recent figures show that sales of drugs via Canadian pharmacies have not been as great as some had predicted. However, as Datamonitor's David Deon explains, pharmaceutical companies could go further by driving the expansion of online prescribing in the US...

Lipoxin A4 (LXA4) mimics shown reduce inflammation by inhibiting the p38-MAPK pathway-further proof of concept for LXA4 analogues in preclinical development

11 Aug 04

The p38-MAPK pathway has long been targeted by the pharmaceutical industry in an attempt to identify new anti-inflammatory agents. The development of p38-MAPK inhibitors has however been impeded by adverse effects. Boston University researchers have now demonstrated that the lipoxin A4 (LXA4) mimic, ATLa inhibits the p38-MAPK cascade explaining in part its anti-inflammatory efficacy and offering a new approach to this promising pharmaceutical target. Although ATLa has a poor pharmacokinetic p

France feels out the future of biotech

10 Aug 04

After a period of exceptional performance due to a steady flow of investment in the sector, the biotechnology industry in France was hard hit by the global economic depression of 2002. The government must support the French Biotechnology sector to allow it to assert its position at an international level and to enable consolidation of new start-up companies.
Yohan Vezinhet

Big bucks battling super bugs?

03 Aug 04

Bacterial skin diseases like gangrene can now expect an onslaught of new specialist medications. However, skin infections make up a relatively small proportion of the $20.4 billion annual global antibacterial market, which, says Datamonitor's Amber Gibson, raises questions about why such conditions are the current focus of so much antibacterial product development...

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