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Simvastatin as a disease modifying immunoregulatory candidate treatment of Parkinson's disease

18 Aug 05

Parkinson's disease drug revenues grew an impressive 17% across the seven major markets to reach $1.7 billion in 2003. Despite the commercial success associated with this therapy area, currently available treatments focus on levodopa which replaces the loss of striatal dopamine, the hall mark of Parkinson's disease, rather than targeting disease progression. The efficacy of levodopa eventually declines in most patients and new therapies with disease modifying activity are urgently required. A gr
LeadDiscovery

The combined use of angiotensin receptor blockers and long-acting calcium channel blockers as an effective approach to hypertension

18 Aug 05

Hypertension continues to represent a highly prevalent clinical problem affecting 190 million people in the 7 major pharmaceutical markets. This therapeutic area is also a highly lucrative field for pharmaceutical companies with sales exceeding $30 billion in 2003. Despite the improved efficacy and tolerability of the angiotensin receptor blocker class led by valsartan, physicians remain frustrated by the lack of efficacy of antihypertensive agents and the current trend is towards the use of com
LeadDiscovery

Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2): Modulation of HDAC2 and its implication for chronic obstructive airway diseases (COPD) and cancer.

18 Aug 05

Earlier in 2005, LeadDiscovery published an in depth report on the development of the novel anti-cancer class, the HDAC inhibitors. As this class advances with therapeutic candidates now entering phase II trials, companies are seeking to optimize therapeutic margins by targeting specific isoforms of histone deacetylase that are involved in tumor progression. In a recent NEJM study Prof. Peter Barnes and colleagues demonstrates that the inhibition of HDAC2 could introduce airway risks, possibly e
LeadDiscovery

Dual VEGF- and Erb-receptor inhibition as an improved strategy for treating cancer

18 Aug 05

The overlapping fields of angiogenesis and growth factor biology represent two extensively investigated areas of modern day oncology and the recent success of Avastin, a monoclonal antibody that binds to and neutralizes one such growth factor, VEGF has not only resulted in the introduction of an effective clinical tool for the treatment of cancer but it also helped spark a wave of optimism in the angiogenesis inhibitor arena. As a result companies are evaluating new approaches to target VEGF in
LeadDiscovery

Optimizing gene transfection strategies for the targeted treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

18 Aug 05

Rheumatoid arthritis affects an estimated 2.1 million Americans. The initial success of biologics that neutralize TNF alpha mean that these therapeutics dominate the US and European rheumatoid arthritis markets. Although the development of biologics has revolutionized treatment of rheumatoid arthritis therapies remain far from optimal. Since biologics are peptidic in nature they must be administered by injection. Moreover, multiple dosing is required and this can be disruptive to the patient.
LeadDiscovery

FGF-21 as a candidate for the treatment of diabetes

18 Aug 05

It is estimated that there are more than 38 million people in the seven major markets with diabetes and this figure is set to rise to 50 million in 2012. Despite the presence of well established treatments of diabetes significant unmet needs remain driving a large body of research and development activity. The highlighted JCI paper described work by Lilly researchers advancing FGF-21 or its mimics as a novel therapeutic candidates for the treatment of diabetes.
LeadDiscovery

Actin Inhibition: The identification of PTX-2 as a novel anti-mitotic agent that selectively induces apoptosis in p53 deficient cancer cells

18 Aug 05

Although cytotoxics agents represent a cornerstone of oncology, toxicity and drug resistance has driven the development of targeted anticancer therapies. The current study highlights a novel antimitotic agent, PTX-2. This molecule, like the Taxol and Taxotere, blocks the cell cycle in late mitosis channelling cells into an apoptotic program. In direct contrast to Taxol and Taxotere, PTX-2 targets cells with p53 mutations; the plant alkaloids on the other hand are relatively insensitive in such c
LeadDiscovery

Targeting beta-catenin by celecoxib (Celebrex) as an anti-cancer mechanism of action and as a lead for the identification of improved oncology agents

18 Aug 05

Despite the cardiovascular risks that have recently emerged following prolonged treatment with COX-2 inhibitors, this class of drug continues to receive interest as an approach to chemoprevention. Celebrex, which was approved in 1998 for the treatment of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has been shown to reduce the development of precancerous colorectal polyps by 28%. Data recently highlighted in the FASEB journal suggests that at least part of the efficacy of celebrex may be related to the
LeadDiscovery

Selection and Assessment Day

15 Aug 05

Clinical Research Academy has decided to implement a sure-fire way of finding top candidates for Clinical Research Associate (CRA) posts – by running a Selection and Assessment Day. The first was held at the end of July in Marlow in the UK.
Kieran.Engels

Milestone in the development of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

05 Aug 05

This alert is brought to you by LeadDiscovery and concerns today's announcement by Celera Genomics that clinical evaluation of their HDAC inhibitor CRA-024781 is about to commence. The press release is featured on today's edition of DailyUpdates-Oncology.
LeadDiscovery

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