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5-HT7 antagonists: Novel molecules for the unmet m

Posted on: 11 Mar 03


Due to the high incidence of migraine and its effect on quality of life the highly competitive triptan market exceeds of $2 billion in global sales. Triptans aborting a migraine attack once it has sta
DiscoveryDossier alert (PPV2) LeadDiscovery's target selection team identifies candidate drug discovery projects, in-license options and/or breaking areas of pharmaceutical focus and produces full DiscoveryDossieranalyses of these opportunities. Dossiers offer key information such as scientific background/proof of concept, market value, pharmaceutical activity, profiles of key drugs in development, suggested further studies, suppliers of materials required for development and screening architectures. Offering you more than just a chance to keep up to date with the literature we aim to provide you with an entire framework on which to base assessments of novel targets and therapeutic candidates.


DiscoveryDossier alert from LeadDiscovery

5-HT7 antagonists: Novel molecules for the unmet migraine prophylaxis market

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Target Audience: Research or Licensing personnel from companies with a focus on migraine; pain; cardiovascular disorders; serotonin research; Lead Identification; Combinatorial or Other Chemistry; Academic personnel wishing to commercially develop their research in these fields


The migraine market was revolutionized by the launch of the prototypic triptan, sumatriptan in the early 1990's. Due to the high incidence of migraine and its effect on quality of life the highly competitive triptan market is now worth in excess of $2 billion in global sales. The triptans are acute therapies of migraine aborting an attack once it has started rather than preventing it. According to current guidelines 15% of sufferers would benefit from prophylactic treatment however the availability of molecules that effectively prevent migraine attacks with an acceptable tolerability profile is extremely limited. The development of migraine prophylactics therefore represents an unmet clinical need with considerable commercial potential.

Drugs such as the triptans produce cranial vasoconstriction (via activation of 5-HT1B receptors), and inhibition of neuropeptide release from trigeminovascular afferents (via activation of 5-HT1D or 5-HT1F receptors) countering the pathophysiological features of migraine. As well as being able to abort migraine attacks, evidence implicating 5-HT receptors in the etiology of migraine is convincing. Increasing data supports the concept that 5-HT7 receptor activation is responsible for the initial dilatation of cerebral vessels, and the subsequent activation of sensory pathways, consequent neurogenic inflammation around the meningeal vessels, neural sensitization and the activation of pain pathways.

5-HT7 receptor antagonists therefore stand to offer an effective approach to the unmet field of migraine prophylaxis, a finding supported by clinical observations. Additional evidence exists to support the use of antagonists to treat a second unmet market, schizophrenia, while agonists may have therapeutic value in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders and depression.

This report, produced in collaboration with field-leader, José Terrón provides a state of the art of the 5-HT7 receptor, describes the proof of concept supporting its therapeutic potential in relation to these indications and analyzes current pharmaceutical activity surrounding the development of 5-HT7 ligands. Since the primary indication for this class is currently the prophylactic treatment of migraine we provide a full description of this condition. We describe in detail current views on the pathophysiology of migraine, and current migraine treatment options profiling antimigraine treatments on the market or in phase III development. We pay particular attention to studies performed to investigate efficacy and tolerability of existing prophylactics, as well as the role of 5-HT7 in migraine.

Our trend analysis confirms that much of the pharmaceutical activity related to migraine therapeutics remains focussed on abortive therapies and the development of 5-HT7 receptor antagonists able to prevent migraine attacks are therefore unlikely to meet significant competition from other pharmacological classes. We conclude with a description of development activity surrounding 5-HT7 receptor ligands and suggest that although this field is still in its infancy, this situation is expected to soon change.

This report offers a "one stop shop" for personnel involved in the selection, development and commercialization of novel candidates for CNS or cardiovascular disorders, taking readers through multiple aspects of development including target selection/proof of concept, market analysis, the identification of potential competitors and finally an analysis of current pharmaceutical activity in this field. We conclude that 5-HT7 receptor ligands hold considerable potential. While this report primarily serves to help assess the benefits of developing such molecules, through our PharmaceuticalSolutions service we are able to offer strategic advise on chemistry and to provide and screen targeted chemistry libraries of candidate 5-HT7 receptor ligands.

For further details and to access this dossier visit the following address:

Other reports of interest (click on titles to access summary):

Future Pain Drugs


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Last updated on: 27/08/2010 11:40:18

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