WellCare Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results
TAMPA, Fla., July 31, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- WellCare Health Plans, Inc. (NYSE: WCG) ("WellCare") today reported results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018. As determined under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), net income for the second quarter of 2018 was $151.6 million, or $3.35 per diluted share. Adjusted net income for the second quarter of 2018 was $166.9 million, or $3.69 per diluted share.
"We are pleased with our second quarter 2018 results as they reflect continued strong performance across all three lines of our business," said Ken Burdick, WellCare's chief executive officer. "We are also pleased that we continue to advance our growth agenda through our recent Medicaid wins in Florida and our pending acquisition of Meridian Health Plans."
"As a result of our second quarter performance, we are revising our full-year 2018 adjusted earnings per diluted share guidance to a range of $10.70 to $10.90," Burdick continued.
GAAP and adjusted total premium revenue of $4.61 billion and $4.52 billion for the second quarter of 2018 increased 7.4 percent and 6.0 percent, respectively, compared with the second quarter of 2017.
Medicare Health Plans premium revenue of $1.5 billion for the second quarter of 2018 increased 17.5 percent compared with the second quarter of 2017.
GAAP and adjusted net income margin for the second quarter of 2018 increased approximately 160 basis points to 3.3 percent and approximately 100 basis points to 3.7 percent, respectively, compared with the second quarter of 2017.
On May 29, 2018, WellCare announced that it entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Meridian Health Plans of Michigan Inc., Meridian Health Plan of Illinois, Inc., and MeridianRx, a pharmacy benefit manager (PBM) (collectively, "Meridian") for $2.5 billion in cash. The transaction is expected to close in the next few months, subject to customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals.
On July 5, 2018, WellCare of Florida, Inc., a subsidiary of WellCare and known as Staywell Health Plan, received a Notice of Intent to Award a contract from the Florida Department of Health to provide statewide managed care services to more than 60,000 children with medically complex conditions through the Children's Medical Services Managed Care Plan ("CMS Plan"). This award is in addition to WellCare's previously announced Managed Medical Assistance, Long-Term Care and Serious Mental Illness Specialty Plan Notice of Agency Decision awards from the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration ("AHCA") that were announced on April 24, 2018.
On July 23, 2018, WellCare amended and restated its credit agreement and increased the principal amount available for borrowings to $1.3 billion from $1.0 billion, and extended the maturity date to July 2023 from January 2021.
As of June 30, 2018, unregulated cash and investments were approximately $514.8 million.
2018 Financial Outlook
WellCare is increasing its full-year adjusted EPS guidance to a range of $10.70 to $10.90 from its previous guidance range of $10.00 to $10.30 per diluted share. Refer to the Appendix included in this news release for specific 2018 guidance metrics, related footnotes and basis of presentation.
Consolidated Operations Results
GAAP net income for the second quarter of 2018 was $151.6 million, or $3.35 per diluted share, compared with GAAP net income of $74.1 million, or $1.65 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2017. Adjusted net income for the second quarter of 2018 was $166.9 million, or $3.69 per diluted share, compared with adjusted net income of $113.4 million, or $2.52 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2017. The year-over-year increases in GAAP and adjusted net income are primarily the result of improved Medicare Health Plans and Medicare PDP segment results as well as the 2017 acquisition of Universal American Corp. ("Universal American"). The year-over-year increases are also due to the effect of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 that resulted in a lower effective tax rate for 2018. These increases were partially offset by the return of the ACA Health Insurer Fee ("HIF"), which is nondeductible for tax purposes.
GAAP net income margin for the second quarter of 2018 was 3.3 percent compared with 1.7 percent for the second quarter of 2017. Adjusted net income margin for the second quarter of 2018 was 3.7 percent compared with 2.7 percent for the second quarter of 2017.
GAAP and adjusted total premium revenue of $4.61 billion and $4.52 billion for the second quarter of 2018 increased 7.4 percent and 6.0 percent, respectively, compared with the second quarter of 2017. The year-over-year increases in GAAP and adjusted total premium revenue were primarily the result of the company's 2017 acquisition of Universal American and net organic growth.
GAAP SG&A expense was $377.9 million for the second quarter of 2018 compared with $365.5 million for the second quarter of 2017. Adjusted SG&A expense was $368.1 million for the second quarter of 2018 compared with $336.7 million for the second quarter of 2017. The year-over-year increases in GAAP and adjusted SG&A expense were primarily the result of the company's growth.
The GAAP SG&A expense ratio was 8.2 percent in the second quarter of 2018 compared with 8.5 percent in the second quarter of 2017. The adjusted SG&A expense ratio was 8.1 percent in the second quarter of 2018 compared with 7.9 percent in the second quarter of 2017.
Medicaid Health Plans Segment Results
Medicaid Health Plans membership was 2.8 million as of June 30, 2018 and was down slightly compared with membership at June 30, 2017. The slight decrease in membership is primarily due to a decline in membership in Georgia due to the addition of a fourth managed care organization effective July 1, 2017. This was offset by the addition of new members primarily as a result of the statewide expansion of Illinois' Medicaid program effective January 1, 2018. Sequentially, Medicaid membership at June 30, 2018 increased by approximately 113,000 members due to an increase in Illinois membership.
GAAP and adjusted Medicaid Health Plans premium revenue was $2.9 billion and $2.8 billion, respectively, for the second quarter of 2018, an increase of 4.2 percent and 1.9 percent, respectively, compared with the second quarter of 2017. The increases in GAAP and adjusted premium revenue were primarily the result of the addition of new members as a result of the statewide expansion of the Illinois Medicaid program. In addition, the reinstatement of the ACA HIF in 2018 and associated Medicaid ACA HIF reimbursement also contributed to the year-over-year increase in GAAP Medicaid premium revenue.
The GAAP Medicaid Health Plans MBR was 85.1 percent for the second quarter of 2018 compared with 86.8 percent for the second quarter of 2017. The decrease in the GAAP Medicaid Health Plans MBR was primarily the result of the reinstatement of the Medicaid ACA HIF reimbursement in 2018. The adjusted Medicaid Health Plans MBR was 88.0 percent for the second quarter of 2018 compared with 87.7 percent for the second quarter of 2017.
Medicare Health Plans Segment Results
Medicare Health Plans membership was approximately 510,000 members as of June 30, 2018 and increased by approximately 26,000 members, or 5.4 percent, compared with June 30, 2017. The increase was primarily a result of organic growth.
Medicare Health Plans premium revenue of $1.5 billion for the second quarter of 2018 increased 17.5 percent compared with the second quarter of 2017. The increase was primarily due to the company's 2017 acquisition of Universal American as well as organic growth.
The Medicare Health Plans MBR for the second quarter of 2018 was 82.9 percent compared with 86.4 percent for the second quarter of 2017. The year-over-year decrease was primarily due to continued operational execution and the company's 2018 bid strategy.
Medicare Prescription Drug Plans (PDP) Segment Results
Medicare PDP membership was approximately 1.1 million as of June 30, 2018, and decreased by approximately 60,000 members, or 5.4 percent, compared with June 30, 2017. The decrease was primarily a result of the company's 2018 bid positioning.
Medicare PDP premium revenue of $200.0 million for the second quarter of 2018 decreased by 11.3 percent compared with the second quarter of 2017. The decrease was primarily due to the decline in membership as a result of company's 2018 bid positioning.
The Medicare PDP segment MBR for the second quarter of 2018 was 72.7 percent compared with 86.5 percent for the second quarter of 2017. The year-over-year decrease was primarily the result of the company's 2018 bid positioning and continued operational execution.
Operating Cash Flow and Financial Condition
Net cash generated by operating activities was $330.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018, compared with net cash used in operating activities of $27.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017. The year-over-year increase is primarily due to higher earnings in the second quarter of 2018 and the timing of premium-related payments from the company's government partners.
As of June 30, 2018, unregulated cash and investments were approximately $514.8 million compared with $298.6 million as of June 30, 2017. Sequentially, unregulated cash and investment decreased $46.5 million from March 31, 2018.
Days in claims payable (DCP) was 55.2 days as of June 30, 2018 compared with 47.8 days as of June 30, 2017 and 50.2 days as of March 31, 2018. DCP increased 5.0 days sequentially from March 31, 2018 primarily as a result of the timing of claims payments and related inventory.
Conference Call and Webcast
A discussion of WellCare's second quarter 2018 results will be available via a conference call and live webcast today at 8:30 a.m. EDT.
The conference call will be webcast live from the company's website and will be available at the following link: https://services.choruscall.com/links/wcg180731.html. The webcast should be accessed a few minutes prior to the conference call start time. A replay of the webcast will be available for one year following the conclusion of the live broadcast and will be accessible on the company's website at http://ir.wellcare.com/Event.
The conference call can also be accessed by pre-registering using the following link: http://dpregister.com/10121693. Callers who pre-register will be given dial-in instructions and a unique PIN to gain immediate access to the call. Participants may pre-register now, or at any time prior to the call, and will receive simple instructions via email.
For those parties who do not have internet access or are unable to pre-register, the conference call may be accessed by calling:
Domestic participant dial-in number (toll-free): 1-844-492-3724
International participant dial-in number: 1-412-542-4185
A telephonic replay will be available until midnight EDT on Tuesday, August 7, 2018. This replay may be accessed by dialing either of the numbers below and entering the replay access code 10121693:
Domestic replay (toll-free) number: 1-877-344-7529
International replay number: 1-412-317-0088
About WellCare Health Plans, Inc.
Headquartered in Tampa, Fla., WellCare Health Plans, Inc. (NYSE: WCG) focuses exclusively on providing government-sponsored managed care services, primarily through Medicaid, Medicare Advantage and Medicare Prescription Drug Plans, to families, children, seniors and individuals with complex medical needs. The company served approximately 4.4 million members nationwide as of June 30, 2018. For more information about WellCare, please visit the company's website at www.wellcare.com.
Basis of Presentation
In 2016, Universal American, a subsidiary of WellCare, completed the sale of its life insurance business while retaining ownership of the life insurance subsidiary. Universal American entered into a 100% quota-share reinsurance treaty with the buyer, which, among other treaties, resulted in the reinsurance of all of the life insurance policies underwritten by the retained subsidiary. Accordingly, the discontinued business has not materially affected WellCare's results of operations for the periods presented in this news release. For additional information, refer to Note 19–Discontinued Operations within the Consolidated Financial Statements included in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2017.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In addition to results determined under GAAP, WellCare provides certain non-GAAP financial measures that management believes are useful in assessing the company's performance. Non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, or superior to, financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. The company has provided a reconciliation of the historical non-GAAP financial measures with the most directly comparable financial measure calculated in accordance with GAAP.
Earnings per share, net income and, as noted below, other specific operating and financial measures have been adjusted for the effect of certain expenses, and as appropriate, the related tax effect, related to previously disclosed government investigations and related litigation and resolution costs ("investigation costs"); amortization expense associated with acquisitions ("acquisition-related amortization expenses"); and certain one-time transaction and integration costs related to the acquisition of Universal American and the pending acquisition of Meridian ("transaction and integration costs").
Although the excluded items may recur, WellCare believes that by providing non-GAAP measures exclusive of these items, it facilitates period-over-period comparisons and provides additional clarity about events and trends affecting its core operating performance, as well as providing comparability to competitor results. The investigation costs are related to a discrete incident which management does not expect to reoccur. WellCare has adjusted for acquisition-related amortization expenses as these transactions do not directly relate to the servicing of products for our customers and are not directly related to the core performance of its business operations. The transaction and integrations costs are related to specific 2017 and 2018 events, which do not reflect the underlying ongoing performance of the business.
In addition, because reimbursements for Medicaid premium tax and the ACA HIF are both included in the premium rates or reimbursement established in certain Medicaid contracts and also recognized separately as a component of expense, the company excludes these reimbursements from premium revenue when calculating key ratios as the company believes that these components are not indicative of operating performance.
The company is not able to project at the time of this news release the amount of expenses associated with investigation costs or transaction and integration costs and, therefore, cannot reconcile projected non-GAAP measures affected by these items to projected GAAP measures.
Following is a description of the adjustments made to GAAP measures used to calculate the non-GAAP measures used in this news release.
Adjusted premium revenue (non-GAAP) = Total premium revenue (GAAP) less Medicaid premium taxes revenue and Medicaid reimbursements of the ACA HIF. The company's adjusted Medicaid Health Plans segment premium revenue uses this non-GAAP definition of adjusted premium revenue.
MBR (GAAP) = medical benefits expense divided by total premium revenue (GAAP).
Adjusted MBR (non-GAAP) = medical benefits expense divided by adjusted premium revenue. The company's adjusted Medicaid Health Plans segment MBR uses this non-GAAP definition of adjusted MBR.
SG&A expense ratio (GAAP) = SG&A expense (GAAP) divided by total premium revenue (GAAP).
Adjusted SG&A expense (non-GAAP) = SG&A expense (GAAP) less investigation costs and transaction and integration costs.
Adjusted SG&A ratio (non-GAAP) = adjusted SG&A expense divided by adjusted premium revenue.
Adjusted depreciation & amortization (non-GAAP) = depreciation & amortization expense (GAAP) less acquisition-related amortization expenses.
Adjusted income before taxes (non-GAAP) = income before income taxes (GAAP) less investigation costs, acquisition-related amortization expenses, and transaction and integration costs.
Adjusted income tax expense (non-GAAP) = income tax associated with the applicable adjusted income before taxes, based on the applicable effective income tax rate.
Adjusted effective income tax rate (non-GAAP) = adjusted income tax expense divided by adjusted income before taxes.
Adjusted net income (non-GAAP) = adjusted income before taxes less adjusted income tax expense.
Net income margin (GAAP) = net income (GAAP) divided by total premium revenue (GAAP).
Adjusted net income margin (non-GAAP) = adjusted net income divided by adjusted premium revenue.
Adjusted earnings per diluted share (non-GAAP) = Adjusted net income divided by weighted average common shares outstanding on a fully diluted basis.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This news release contains "forward-looking" statements that are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are predictive in nature, that depend upon or refer to future events or conditions, or that include words such as "expects," "will," "anticipates," "intends," "plans," "believes," "estimates," and similar expressions are forward-looking statements. For example, statements regarding the company's financial outlook, the timing, closing, manner of payment and financial effect of the pending transaction and the terms of the new Medicaid programs, contain forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause WellCare's actual future results to differ materially from those projected or contemplated in the forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, WellCare's progress on top priorities such as integrating care management, advocating for our members, building advanced relationships with providers and government partners, ensuring a competitive cost position, and delivering prudent, profitable growth, WellCare's ability to effectively estimate and manage growth, the ability to complete the acquisition of Meridian in a timely manner or at all (which may adversely affect WellCare's business and the price of the common stock of WellCare), the failure to satisfy the conditions to the consummation of the acquisition (including the receipt of certain governmental and regulatory approvals), the availability of debt and equity financing, any requirements that may be imposed by governmental or regulatory authorities as a condition to approving the acquisition, adjustments to the purchase price, the ability to achieve expected synergies within the expected time frames or at all, the ability to achieve accretion to WellCare's earnings, revenues or other benefits expected, disruption to business relationships, operating results, and business generally of WellCare and/or Meridian and the ability to retain Meridian employees, WellCare's ability to effectively execute and integrate acquisitions, potential reductions in Medicaid and Medicare revenue, WellCare's ability to estimate and manage medical benefits expense effectively, including through its vendors, its ability to negotiate actuarially sound rates, especially in new programs with limited experience, WellCare's ability to improve healthcare quality and access, the appropriation and payment by state governments of Medicaid premiums receivable, the outcome of any protests and litigation related to Medicaid awards, the approval of Medicaid contracts by CMS, any changes to the programs or contracts, WellCare's ability to address operational challenges related to new business, and WellCare's ability to meet the requirements of readiness reviews. Given the risks and uncertainties inherent in forward-looking statements, any of WellCare's forward-looking statements could be incorrect and investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any of our forward-looking statements.
Additional information concerning these and other important risks and uncertainties can be found in the company's filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, included under the captions "Forward-Looking Statements" and "Risk Factors" in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, which contain discussions of WellCare's business and the various factors that may affect it. Subsequent events and developments may cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from WellCare's forward-looking statements. WellCare's forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which the statements are made. WellCare undertakes no duty, and expressly disclaims any obligation, to update these forward-looking statements to reflect any future events, developments or otherwise.