Shionogi : Receives Positive Opinion for Rizmoic in Latest Announcement from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use
OSAKA - Shionogi & Co., Ltd. (hereafter 'Shionogi'), a research-driven pharmaceutical company, announced today that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has adopted a positive opinion recommending the granting of a marketing authorisation for naldemedine for the treatment of opioid induced constipation (OIC) in adult patients who have previously been treated with a laxative.
The European Commission will issue a decision in due course for Rizmoic (naldemedine), taking into account the recommendation from the CHMP.
Welcoming the announcement, Dr. John Keller, Chief Executive Officer of Shionogi Ltd, said: 'This CHMP positive opinion is important as it adds another therapeutic option for the treatment of opioid induced constipation (OIC) in patients in Europe living with cancer or chronic non-cancer pain.'
Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is a prevalent and distressing side effect of opioid therapy that does not reliably respond to treatment with conventional laxatives.1
Naldemedine, which has already been approved for routine use in the US and Japan, is an antagonist of opioid binding at the mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors. Naldemedine is a derivative of naltrexone to which a side chain has been added that increases the molecular weight and the polar surface area, thereby reducing its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB); the CNS penetration of naldemedine is expected to be negligible at the recommended dose. Additionally, naldemedine is a substrate of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) efflux transporter, which may also be involved in reducing naldemedine penetration into the CNS. Based on this, naldemedine is expected to exert its anti-constipating effects on opioids without reversing their CNS-mediated analgesic effects.
Dr. Mark Hill
About Opioid-induced Constipation
Constipation is one of the most commonly reported side effects associated with opioid treatment, including among patients with chronic non-cancer pain and patients with cancer.7 OIC is a result of increased fluid absorption and reduced GI motility due to mu opioid receptor binding in the GI tract. OIC is defined as a change in bowel habits that is characterized by any of the following after initiating opioid therapy: reduced bowel movement frequency, development or worsening of straining to pass bowel movements, a sense of incomplete rectal evacuation, or harder stool consistency.8 In patients receiving opioid therapy for chronic non-cancer pain, the prevalence of OIC ranges from approximately 40-60 percent.1
Shionogi & Co., Ltd. ('Shionogi') is a Japanese major research-driven pharmaceutical company dedicated to bringing benefits to patients based on its corporate philosophy of 'supplying the best possible medicine to protect the health and wellbeing of the patients we serve.' The company currently markets products in several therapeutic areas including anti-infectives, pain, CNS disorders, cardiovascular diseases and gastroenterology. Shionogi's research and development currently target two therapeutic areas: infectious diseases and pain/CNS disorders.
Forward Looking Statement
This announcement contains forward-looking statements. These statements are based on expectations in light of the information currently available, assumptions that are subject to risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from these statements. Risks and uncertainties include general domestic and international economic conditions such as general industry and market conditions, and changes of interest rate and currency exchange rate. These risks and uncertainties particularly apply with respect to product-related forward-looking statements. Product risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, completion and discontinuation of clinical trials; obtaining regulatory approvals; claims and concerns about product safety and efficacy; technological advances; adverse outcome of important litigation; domestic and foreign healthcare reforms and changes of laws and regulations. Also for existing products, there are manufacturing and marketing risks, which include, but are not limited to, inability to build production capacity to meet demand, unavailability of raw materials and entry of competitive products. The company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.