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Improving The Management Of Periodontal Disease

American Fork, Utah, United States, January 27 2021 (Wiredrelease) Tork Media LLC –:Oral health issues are common in the general population, with most people developing at least mild gum disease during the course of their lives. The condition typically presents as red and puffy gums and individuals may notice gum bleeding when brushing their teeth. What many misunderstand about gingivitis is that while the condition itself is not destructive, it may develop into more severe periodontal disease – and unlike gingivitis, periodontal disease can be quite serious, which is why it’s important to address gingivitis early on.

A Disease Continuum

The best way to understand gingivitis is as the earliest phase on a disease continuum, and it can be reversed fairly easily during this time. All an individual needs to do, on their own or with professional cleaning help from their doctor, is to remove the bacterial biofilm that is causing the gum inflammation. It’s only when the biofilm remains in place that inflammation continues to damage the gum, and this can cause such significant damage that the teeth actually begin to loosen and even fall out.

Treatment Strategies

If gingivitis isn’t addressed early in its development, it can require more invasive interventions, but the good news for patients is that there are a number of different options depending on the severity of the damage and specialist availability. For example, some periodontists treat gum recession resulting from periodontal disease using minimally invasive pinhole surgery. Pinhole surgery is scalpel and suture-free and allows for a quick recovery compared to other gum disease treatments, but depending on the severity of the disease, it isn’t always an option.

For more advanced cases of gum disease, patients may require more invasive treatments, including open flap scaling and root planing, or even interventions to support bone and tissue regeneration. Open flap scaling and root planing is essentially a more invasive version of pinhole surgery, and is used to remove pockets of bacteria and secure receding gums in their appropriate place. By repositioning the gums after eliminating bacteria pockets, this procedure helps prevent problems from reoccurring.

In some cases, when periodontal disease is ignored for too long, it can cause more than just gum damage – it can actually cause the jaw bone beneath the teeth to deteriorate. If that occurs, patients may need to undergo tissue grafting to encourage regeneration, and there are several different materials that can be used to this end. Whatever the process, though, the goal is to create a health environment with enough stability to re-anchor the loosened teeth, preventing complete loss.

Bacterial Concerns

Surgical interventions are often an important part of treating gum disease, but the role of bacteria in gum disease and other health concerns cannot be overstated. In fact, left unaddressed, E. gingivalis can contribute to an increased risk of arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and even certain cancers. In other words, this isn’t just a gum health issue, but one with implications for inflammation throughout the body. Unfortunately, these bacteria can be particularly difficult to eliminate and dentists should treat it aggressively in order to ensure other interventions aren’t quickly degraded.

Gingivitis and more advanced gum disease is a common problem, one made worse by the fact that most people don’t receive adequate dental care. By the time that patients arrive for treatment, then, their inflammatory disease may be quite severe. Earlier interventions could go a long way towards minimizing gum, tooth, and jaw damage in the long-term, but can only be achieved by making major changes to our approach to dental care.

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Last Updated: 27-Jan-2021