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Pharming announces positive results of Phase II/III pivotal clinical study of leniolisib for the treatment of activated PI3K delta syndrome

Pharming announces positive results of Phase II/III pivotal clinical study of leniolisib for the treatment of activated PI3K delta syndrome

Study meets both co-primary endpoints

 Global regulatory filings planned to begin in Q2-'22


The company will hold an analyst conference call tomorrow, Thursday 3 February, at 14:00CET/08:00ET details for the call can be found at the bottom of this release


Leiden, The Netherlands, 02 February 2022: Pharming Group N.V. (“Pharming” or “the Company”) (Euronext Amsterdam: PHARM/NASDAQ: PHAR) announces positive results from the pivotal Phase II/III blinded randomized, placebo-controlled registration-enabling study of leniolisib for the treatment of activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) syndrome (APDS) also known as PASLI (p110δ-activating mutation causing senescent T cells, lymphadenopathy, and immunodeficiency). 

APDS is an ultra-rare primary immunodeficiency disease caused by genetic mutations affecting approximately 1-2 people per million. Clinical hallmarks of the disease are significant lymphoproliferation and immune dysfunction, as well as increased risk of malignant lymphoma.  Current treatment is generally limited to supportive therapies, such as antibiotics and the use of immunoglobulin replacement therapy, and there is no approved therapy for the treatment of the disease.

Leniolisib is a small molecule PI3Kδ inhibitor that was discovered and developed by Novartis and was licensed to Pharming in 2019. The study, sponsored by Novartis, is a Phase II/III registration-enabling study composed of two sequential parts, the first part was an open-label dose escalation study (results previously reported in Blood 2017;130(21):2307-2316.

Part 2 of the study was a randomized, subject, investigator, and sponsor-blinded, placebo-controlled study, that enrolled 31 patients with APDS who were 12 years or older.  Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive either leniolisib 70mg twice daily or placebo for 12 weeks.  Following this, patients were permitted to rollover to an open-label extension study to evaluate long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy.  The co-primary endpoints of the randomized study were designed to evaluate reduction in lymph node size and correction of immunodeficiency. 

The primary efficacy results demonstrated clinical efficacy of leniolisib over placebo with a statistically significant reduction from baseline in the log10 transformed sum of product of diameters (SPD) in the index lymphadenopathy lesions (p=0.0012) and normalization of immune dysfunction, as evidenced by increased proportion of naïve B cells from baseline (p<0.0001). 

In the study, leniolisib was generally well-tolerated.  The majority of reported adverse events in both treatment groups were classified as mild.  There were no adverse events that led to discontinuation of study treatment, there were no deaths, and the incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs) was lower in the leniolisib group than the placebo group. None of the SAEs were suspected to be related to study treatment.

Full results will be presented at upcoming medical conferences and published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Dr. Virgil Dalm, Principal Investigator, Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam, the Netherlands commented:

“These study results demonstrate the tremendous power of collaborative clinical research with scientists, clinicians, and patients working together with the pharmaceutical industry.  Less than 10 years ago, researchers at the University of Cambridge and National Institutes of Health (NIH) described a genetic variant in the PIK3CD gene in patients leading to immune dysfunction and dysregulation due to overactive PI3Kinase pathway, giving the name APDS/PASLI to the condition.

These patients have limited treatment options including symptomatic therapies, such as antibiotics, antivirals and immunoglobulin replacement therapy (IgRT). Unapproved empirical therapies such as mTOR inhibitors, can have serious side effects, and the only potentially curative treatment, stem cell transplant, is also associated with high morbidity and mortality. Novartis working with doctors across the world studied leniolisib in APDS patients, which showed these positive results today.

I look forward to working with Pharming to bring leniolisib to APDS patients and studying it further in younger children, as well as other patient populations that may benefit from this precisely targeted therapy.”

Global regulatory filings for approval of leniolisib for APDS are targeted for submission beginning in the second quarter of this year.

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Last Updated: 03-Feb-2022